2.3.6 Anaphylaxis Management Policy

 

RATIONALE                                                                                                                                                                                                         

Anaphylaxis is an acute allergic reaction to certain food items and insect stings.  The condition develops in approximately 1-2% of the population.  The most common allergens are nuts, eggs, cow’s milk and bee or other insect stings, and some medications.  It can be life threatening and research indicates it is becoming more prevalent. Bellarine Secondary College is committed to ensuring a safe and secure environment for all students and staff, particularly those with anaphylactic responses.

PURPOSE

  • To ensure the College provides the appropriate support and management of students who exhibit an anaphylactic response.
  • To ensure Bellarine Secondary College is compliant with Ministerial Order 706 – Anaphylaxis Management in Schools.
  • To ensure the College remains up to date with changes that might occur in this Order from time to time.
  • To ensure that parents or guardians clearly understand their responsibility in providing up to date information and an Anaphylaxis Management Plan for their child.

POLICY STATEMENT

  • Bellarine Secondary College will fully comply with Ministerial Order 706 and the associated Guidelines published and amended by the Department from time to time.
  • The College will review this policy in line with changes to Ministerial Order 706.
  • The Principal will ensure that an Individual Anaphylaxis Management Plan is developed, in consultation with the student’s Parents, for any student who has been diagnosed by a Medical Practitioner as being at risk of anaphylaxis.
  • It is the responsibility of parents or guardians to ensure they provide the College with an accurate and up to date Anaphylaxis Management Plan for their child and a current Adrenaline Autoinjector

IMPLEMENTATION

  1. Individual Anaphylaxis Management Plans
  • The College will request from parents as part of the enrolment process an Anaphylaxis Management Plan for any student identified as being at risk of an anaphylactic reaction
  • Parents will provide the plan upon enrolment so that an Individual Anaphylaxis Management Plan will be in place as soon as practicable after the student enrols, and where possible before their first day of school.
  • It is the responsibility of parents or guardians to provide the Individual Anaphylaxis Management Plan that will set out the following:
  • information about the student’s medical condition that relates to allergy and the potential for anaphylactic reaction, including the type of allergy/allergies the student has (based on a written diagnosis from a Medical Practitioner);
  • strategies to minimise the risk of exposure to known and notified allergens while the student is under the care or supervision of School Staff, for in-school and out-of-school settings including in the school yard, at camps and excursions, or at special events conducted, organised or attended by the School;
  • the name of the person(s) responsible for implementing the strategies;
  • information on where the student’s medication will be stored;
  • the student’s emergency contact details; and
  • an ASCIA Action Plan (provided to parents by their medical practitioner)
  • School Staff will then implement and monitor the student’s Individual Anaphylaxis Management Plan.
  • The student’s Individual Anaphylaxis Management Plan including the ASCIA action plan, will be reviewed, in consultation with the student’s Parents in all of the following circumstances:
  • annually;
  • if the student’s medical condition, insofar as it relates to allergy and the potential for anaphylactic reaction, changes;
  • as soon as practicable after the student has an anaphylactic reaction at School; and
  • when the student is to participate in an off-site activity, such as camps and excursions, or at special events conducted, organised or attended by the School (eg. class parties, elective subjects, cultural days, fetes, incursions).
  • It is the responsibility of parents or guardians to:
  • provide the ASCIA Action Plan;
  • inform the School in writing if their child’s medical condition, insofar as it relates to allergy and the potential for anaphylactic reaction, changes and if relevant, provide an updated ASCIA Action Plan;
  • provide an up to date photo for the ASCIA Action Plan when that Plan is provided to the School and when it is reviewed; and
  • provide the School with an Adrenaline Autoinjector that is current and not expired for their child.

2.       Prevention Strategies

  • Bellarine Secondary College will implement strategies to minimise the risk of a student having an anaphylactic reaction including:
  • Broadly communicating to staff the identity of students who are at risk
  • Minimising the use of substances known to cause an anaphylactic response in classes
  • Minimising the foods known to cause an anaphylactic response sold in the College canteen
  • Ensuring that any food sold at special events or on special days are clearly labelled listing all of their ingredients
  • Ensuring that dietary requirements are sought prior to any camps, trips, excursions or incursions involving the purchase or provision of food
  • Minimise the holding of class parties or celebrations within the College so as to prevent possible student exposure to an allergen.

3.       School Management and Emergency Response

  • Bellarine Secondary College will ensure the timely and effective management of information pertaining to individual staff and students at risk of an anaphylactic reaction by:
    • displaying a complete and up to date list of students identified as having a medical condition that relates to allergy and the potential for anaphylactic reaction in the staffrooms of both campuses;
    • displaying the details of Individual Anaphylaxis Management Plans and ASCIA Action Plans in the staff rooms, the first aid rooms and the general offices of each campus
    • providing the Individual Anaphylaxis Management Plans and ASCIA Action Plans to staff taking students on an excursion, camp or trip and to those organising special College events
  • The College Staff Handbook will contain information about the storage and access to Adrenaline Autoinjectors
  • The College first aide officers will ensure that staff receive up to date information about individuals at risk of an allergic reaction at the start of every term
  • The Daily Organiser will provide all casual relief and short term contract staff with information regarding students and school processes

4.    Adrenaline Autoinjectors for General Use

  • The Principal will purchase Adrenaline Autoinjector(s) for General Use (purchased by the School) and as a back up to those supplied by Parents.
  • The Principal will determine the number of additional Adrenaline Autoinjector(s) required. In doing so, the Principal will take into account the following relevant considerations:
    • the number of students enrolled at the School who have been diagnosed as being at risk of anaphylaxis;
    • the accessibility of Adrenaline Autoinjectors that have been provided by Parents of students who have been diagnosed as being at risk of anaphylaxis;
    • the availability and sufficient supply of Adrenaline Autoinjectors for General Use in specified locations at the School, including
    • in the school yard, and at excursions, camps and special events conducted or organised by the School; and
    • the Adrenaline Autoinjectors for General Use have a limited life, usually expiring within 12-18 months, and will need to be replaced at the School’s expense, either at the time of use or expiry, whichever is first.

5.       Communication Plan

  • Bellarine Secondary College will communicate with staff, students and parents about how to respond to an anaphylactic reaction by a student in various environments through the College Newsletter, the Staff Bulletin, the Staff Handbook and the student daily bulletin.
  • Staff, students and parents will be informed that they should:
    • immediately contact the campus General Office and notify them of the student, the observed reaction and the location of the student during normal school activities including in the classroom, in the school yard, in all school buildings and sites including gymnasiums and the Potato Shed
    • ensure a staff member administers the Adrenaline Autoinjector as per the Individual Anaphylaxis Management Plan during off-site or out of school activities, including on excursions, school camps and at special events conducted or organised by the School and ensure an ambulance is called
    • ensure an ambulance is called if an anaphylactic reaction occurs in the absence of and Adrenalin Autoinjector
  • The Daily Organiser will inform volunteers and casual relief staff of students with a medical condition that relates to allergy and the potential for anaphylactic reaction and their role in responding to an anaphylactic reaction by a student in their care.
  • The Principal will ensure that all teaching and relevant education support staff are:
    • Trained in 22300VIC; and
    • briefed at least twice per calendar year.

6.       Staff Training

  • All Bellarine Secondary College staff will complete a course in First Aid Management of Anaphylaxis to ensure those who conduct classes that students with a medical condition that relates to allergy and the potential for anaphylactic reaction have the skills and knowledge to respond appropriately.
  • Bellarine Secondary College will also ensure that First Aid staff and those likely to be in an area of isolation (camps, sport etc) undertake the following training:
  1. successfully complete an anaphylaxis management training course (r online or face-to-face) and
  2. participate in the school’s twice yearly briefings conducted by the School Anaphylaxis Supervisor or another member of staff nominated by the principal who has completed an approved anaphylaxis management training course in the past two years (with the first briefing to be held at the beginning of the school year) on:
    • the College’s Anaphylaxis Management Policy;
    • the causes, symptoms and treatment of anaphylaxis;
    • the identities of the students with a medical condition that relates to an allergy and the potential for anaphylactic reaction, and where their medication is located;
    • how to use an Adrenaline Autoinjector, including hands on practise with a trainer Adrenaline Autoinjector device;
    • the College’s general first aid and emergency response procedures; and
    • the location of, and access to, Adrenaline Autoinjectors that have been provided by parents or purchased by the school for general use.
  • In the event that the relevant training and briefing has not occurred, the Principal will develop an interim Individual Anaphylaxis Management Plan in consultation with the Parents of any affected student with a medical condition that relates to allergy and the potential for anaphylactic reaction. Training will be provided to relevant School Staff as soon as practicable after the student enrols, and preferably before the student’s first day at School.
  • The Principal will ensure that while the student is under the care or supervision of Bellarine Secondary College, including excursions, yard duty, camps and special event days, all school staff will be appropriately trained in Anaphylaxis Training.

c.        Annual Risk Management Checklist

The Principal will complete an annual Risk Management Checklist as published by the Department of Education and Early Childhood Development to monitor compliance with their obligations.

Note: A template of the Risk Management Checklist can be found at Appendix 4 of the Anaphylaxis Guidelines for Victorian Schools or the Department’s website: http://www.education.vic.gov.au/school/teachers/health/Pages/anaphylaxisschl.aspx

REFERENCES: http://www.education.vic.gov.au/school/teachers/health/Pages/anaphylaxisschl.aspx

EVALUATION: This policy will be reviewed annually or more often if necessary due to changes in regulations or circumstances

 

Policy number 2.3.6
Approval date September 2016
Review date September 2017
DEECD/VRQA required Yes